The Food for Peace Reform Act of 2014 (S.2421) was introduce on June 3, 2014 by Bob Corker, Junior Senator from Tennessee. This Act establishes the Food for Peace program in the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. (Repeals authority for the current program under title II of the Food for Peace Act, including certain U.S. commodity purchase, U.S. cargo, and monetization requirements.)
International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women
One in three women experience violence in their life time. Violence against women and girls is one of the most widespread violations of human rights.
According to a 2013 WHO global study, 35 per cent of women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual violence. However, some national studies show that up to seventy (70) per cent of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetime from an intimate partner].
To raise awareness and trigger action to end this global scourge, the UN observes International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women on 25 November. The date marks the brutal assassination in 1960 of the three Mirabal sisters, political activists in the Dominican Republic.
Every year, November 25th and the ensuing 16 Days of Activism against Gender Violence which follow (ending on 10 December, Human Rights Day) are commemorated around the world, providing individuals and groups a chance to mobilize and call attention to the urgent need to end violence against women and girls.
Ending violence against women is one of UN Women’s key priority areas, with programs addressing the pandemic implemented globally. UN Women also coordinates the UN Secretary-General’s UNiTE to End Violence against Women campaign and supports widespread social mobilization through its Say NO – UNiTE to End Violence against Women social media platforms on Facebook and Twitter. In addition, UN Women manages the UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women which commemorates its 18th anniversary in 2014. #orangeurworld
As part of this year’s theme “Orange the World in 16 Days”, we invite you to wear orange – the official colour of the UNiTE campaign. On Orange Day, now observed on the 25th of every month, worldwide activities by UN country offices and civil society organizations strive to highlight efforts to prevent and end violence against women and girls.
This year, the UNITE Campaign is extending Orange Day throughout the 16 Days of Activism.
Participate by submitting a photo with a message “I wear orange because…”. For further information you can visit : http://www.unwomen.org/en/news/in-focus/end-violence-against-women#sthash.crS5yGKH.dpuf.
Source: 2013 WHO global study; http://www.unwomen.org
Photo Credit: Microsoft Clip Art
Older Americans Act Reauthorization Act of 2014 was introduced on February 28th, 2014. It reauthorizes the Older Americans Act of 1965 (OAA) and funding for its programs for FY2014-FY2018.
The Older Americans Act (OAA) funds critical services that keep older adults healthy and independent—services like meals, job training, senior centers, caregiver support, transportation, health promotion, benefits enrollment, and more.
The Act is overdue for reauthorization—and we should urge Congress to seize this opportunity to update and renew its commitment to these programs and those they serve.
The reauthorization language makes it an objective of such Act the acquiring for older individuals of high-quality services in a manner that is culturally and linguistically responsive to such individuals and family caregivers.
Includes older lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered (LGBT) individuals within the purview of such Act and specifically among certain reporting requirements.
Requires the Director of the Office of Long-Term Care Ombudsman Programs (in the Administration on Aging [AOA] of the Department of Health and Human Services [HHS]) to collect, analyze, and report on best practices related to elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation in long-term care facilities.
Requires the Assistant Secretary for Aging of the AOA to:
(1) focus on the health and economic needs and welfare of older individuals;
(2) conduct studies and collect data to determine the services that are needed by LGBT older individuals;
(3) ensure that authorized programs include appropriate training in the prevention of abuse, neglect, and exploitation and provision of services that address elder justice and the exploitation of older individuals; and
(4) establish and operate a National Resource Center for Women and Retirement, a National Adult Protective Services Resource Center, and a National Resource Center on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered Aging.
Establishes an Advisory Committee to Assess, Coordinate, and Improve Legal Assistance Activities to study the legal services activities assistance system for older individuals.
Reauthorizes appropriations for FY2014-FY2018, and revises requirements for, the AOA, the Eldercare Locator Service, pension counseling and information programs, supportive services, congregate nutrition services, disease prevention and health promotion services, family caregiver support, the nutrition services incentive program, the Community Service Senior Opportunity Act, grants for Native Americans.
Directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to award a grant to or enter into a cooperative agreement with a public or private nonprofit entity to establish a National Resource Center on Family Caregiving.
Directs the Assistant Secretary to award grants and enter into contracts with eligible entities to carry out projects to:
(1) support and promote modern multipurpose senior center models;
(2) build an evidence base of modern, replicable practices that allow senior centers to serve a diverse array of older individuals, as well as their families and other caregivers; and
(3) mobilize services and leverage resources to support the role of multipurpose senior centers as community focal points, and for the establishment, construction, maintenance, and operation of centers.
Directs the Assistant Secretary to make a grant on a competitive basis to enable an eligible nonprofit organization to provide training and technical assistance to grant recipients.
Revises requirements for the national family caregiver support program and the State Long-Term Care Ombudsman program, revising conflict-of-interest requirements and prohibitions for the latter.
Requires health programs for older individuals to cover behavioral health.
Directs the Comptroller General to study the transportation services for older individuals.
Directs the Assistant Secretary to issue guidance to applicable to states, area agencies on aging, and providers of services for older individuals, with respect to serving Holocaust survivors.
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Recently, the White House launched the “My Brother’s Keeper” initiative to empower boys and young men of color.
This new Obama administration initiative is intended to address the systemic challenges and barriers faced by young men of color in schools, communities, and in the criminal justice system.
In response to this new Obama Administration initiative, some have argued that the opportunity gap faced by boys and young men of color will not be closed by a set of programs and initiatives that benefit some individuals but do not have a larger scale, collective impact.
In his article on My Bother’s Keeper Warren Simmons,executive director of Brown University’s Annenberg Institute for School Reform, stated that “…..We must first acknowledge the historical nature of the problem [ i.e. opportunity gap] and its damaging, cumulative impact. Then, we must reinvest in communities and urge the people who live there to define what that reinvestment looks like. The solution is not technical. It’s not about data. It is about fundamental change at the social, political and cultural levels…..”
For a further information on this new initiative, please visit the following website: http://www.ed.gov/blog/2014/02/my-brothers-keeper-a-new-white-house-initiative-to-empower-boys-and-young-men-of-color/
Source(s): US Dept. of Education
“What Will It Take To Close The Opportunity Gap”, Cognosenti, Warren Simmons, August 22, 2014.
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Recently, the U.S. Departments of Justice and Education issued a guidance for school districts to ensure equal access to public education for all children, regardless of their immigration status.
For further information read more about frequently asked questions and answers related to this topic: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/qa-.
Source: Advocates for Justice in Education
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The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, released a new report which indicates that the prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in children is one in sixty-eight (68) or 14.7 per thousand (1,000) eight year olds.
This figure on the prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in children represents an approximate thirty (30) percent increase between 2008 and 2010. While the cause of the increase is unknown, it is likely that better awareness, screening, and diagnosis efforts play a significant role.
The report, Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder among Children Aged 8 Years – Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 sites, United States, 2010, is available at the following web address: cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss6302a1.htm.
Source(s): Advocates and Justice in Education
Photo credit: Microsoft Clip Art